Cape Verde was discovered by the Portuguese in 1460. The first discovery was the island of Boa Vista, named by the Portuguese as a result of the long time they remained at sea, without seeing any land. Then, as they arrived at the other islands, they named them after saints, namely Santo Antão, São Vicente, Santa Luzia, São Nicolau, Santiago.
The island of Sal was given this name because of the great salt pans. The island of Maio because they reached it in May; Fogo, for having a volcano, believed to be active at the time of their arrival. Brava Island, was so named because of its hostile and rugged appearance.